Category Archives: Teenie Harris Archive

George Barbour and Teenie Harris Speak Up


Charles "Teenie" Harris, Group portrait of Pittsburgh Courier newspaper employees, seated from left: Hazel Garland, John Clark, Willa Mae Rice; standing: Charles "Teenie" Harris, Frank Bolden, Ralph Koger, Rev. Burt Logan, and George Barbour, posed in Pittsburgh Courier newspaper office, c. 1955, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Charles “Teenie” Harris, Group portrait of Pittsburgh Courier newspaper employees, seated from left: Hazel Garland, John Clark, Willa Mae Rice; standing: Charles “Teenie” Harris, Frank Bolden, Ralph Koger, Rev. Burt Logan, and George Barbour, posed in Pittsburgh Courier newspaper office, c. 1955, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Race: Are We So Different? opens March 29 at Carnegie Museum of Natural History, and will include Teenie Harris images from Carnegie Museum of Art’s collection as a collaboration between the two museums. This photographic project will recreate the “Pittsburghers Speak Up” column which ran from the 1950s to 70s in the preeminent African American newspaper, the Pittsburgh Courier. In the original column, Teenie’s photos accompanied interviews by reporter George Barbour (approx. 1957–1963). In reflection of this team, current KDKA TV anchor and producer Lynne Hayes-Freeland will serve as the community curator and interviewer, and Pittsburgh artist Nikkia Margaret Hall will photograph people as they respond to some of the same questions posed by and published in the Courier several decades ago. Teenie’s historic portraits and the responses of subjects will be presented alongside their contemporary counterparts in the exhibition’s Community Voices Gallery. Exhibition visitors will be encouraged to post their own opinions and responses to the questions on how race impacts their daily lives.

Pittsburgh Courier reporter George Barbour writing in notebook, and Edward A. Brennan standing on sidewalk with buildings in background, 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Pittsburgh Courier reporter George Barbour writing in notebook, and Edward A. Brennan standing on sidewalk with buildings in background, 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

In an interview with archive staff in 2011, Mr. Barbour described his work with Teenie Harris:

“Yeah, man on the street, that was a lot of fun… so every week, I think it was on—when was it? It was the first of the week, Monday or Tuesday, we’d go Downtown, and the editor Frank Bolden would give us a question to ask. And so we’d just go along and I’d introduce myself to some people, and say: ‘I’m George Barbour, reporter from the Pittsburgh Courier and we’re doing an on-the-street survey, and we’d like very much to talk with you and find out your opinion about uh, what do you think about city government?’ And then the person would start talking away and Teenie would snap the picture, and we’d have about twelve people… I can’t think of being refused it one time—we always had a way of being able to get the confidence of people in this town. Yeah, it was very popular…”

Barbara Cooks wearing light colored coat and knit headband tied under chin, and Pittsburgh Courier reporter George Barbour standing on sidewalk at corner of Fifth Avenue and Liberty Avenue, Downtown, March 1958, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Barbara Cooks wearing light colored coat and knit headband tied under chin, and Pittsburgh Courier reporter George Barbour standing on sidewalk at corner of Fifth Avenue and Liberty Avenue, Downtown, March 1958, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Harris captured more than 3,500 people over two decades for this column. This street portraiture is possibly some of the most spontaneous work he made, yet much of it is quite striking for the way he stood quite close to his subjects and composed the frame. Unlike his studio clients or many of the subjects of his photojournalistic work, most of the people on the street were less likely to know Teenie personally. Their gaze is often direct, occasionally grumpy, frequently warm, and more often than not revealing that Harris had gained their trust.

Barbour interviewed Pittsburghers going about their daily lives Downtown and in other neighborhoods, with questions ranging from subjects that seem ridiculous from today’s perspective, to the city’s everlasting love of its sports teams, to events and issues still unresolved and pertinent now.

Jack Mager and James Embry holding books and standing on Liberty Avenue, Downtown, May 1958, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Jack Mager and James Embry holding books and standing on Liberty Avenue, Downtown, May 1958, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Mr. James Embry (Chauncey Street and Wylie Avenue) and Mr. Jack Mager (Sloan Street, McKees Rocks) were part of the “Pittsburghers Speak Up” column published in the Pittsburgh Courier newspaper, May 24, 1958, pg. A1, with the question: “Do you approve of women bartenders?”

Mr. Embry’s answer reads: “No, and one reason is there is too much notoriety, too many risks, and too filthy a job for women, in fact, the way I look at it, if a woman has to go into a bar just as a customer, let her take a table and booth and be seated and served.”

Mr. Mager’s answer reads: “Absolutely not, and mainly because a guy who goes to the bar likes to talk men’s talk. With women around, you can’t talk as you would like to without offending the women.”

Portrait of Iola Palmer wearing floral sleeveless dress, standing in front of Jenkins Arcade, Liberty Avenue, Downtown, May 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Portrait of Iola Palmer wearing floral sleeveless dress, standing in front of Jenkins Arcade, Liberty Avenue, Downtown, May 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Iola Palmer, housewife (Independence Street), was part of the “Pittsburghers Speak Up” column published in the Pittsburgh Courier newspaper, May 30, 1959, pg. A1, with the question: “Do you think single or married women make better teachers for elementary grades in public schools? Do you think that married men should teach in elementary grades?”

Her answer reads: “I believe that young single women would make the better teachers. This would open up more jobs for this class. In my opinion, a married woman should not have to work because she has her husband to support her. Frankly, I can’t say why, but I prefer ladies over men to teach elementary grades.”

Portrait of Ronald Anderson, wearing goatee, horizontal striped button down collared shirt, standing in front of light colored wall, left store window displaying female mannequin wearing light colored sleeveless polka dot dress with dark sheer overlay, store window on right displaying men's dress shoes with sign inscribed "...tom Tips...", 1958, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Portrait of Ronald Anderson, wearing goatee, horizontal striped button down collared shirt, standing in front of light colored wall, left store window displaying female mannequin wearing light colored sleeveless polka dot dress with dark sheer overlay, store window on right displaying men’s dress shoes with sign inscribed “…tom Tips…”, 1958, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Ronald Anderson (Rivermont Drive) was part of the “Pittsburghers Speak Up” column published in the Pittsburgh Courier newspaper, July 5, 1958, pg. 1, with the question: “What do you think is wrong with the Pittsburgh Pirates? Do you think that they are using their best ball players at all times?”

His answer reads: “The trouble seems to be something which the Pirates go through once a year. I think that if the men on the field were changed around, it would help. Some of the men on the bench could be playing and they probably could be doing as good a job as some of those on the field. Baker and Stevens are two of the men who could be used.”

Portrait of Elizabeth G. Henderson wearing dark double breasted coat, standing in front of Triangle Camera store window with sign advertising film projector for $39.50, November 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Portrait of Elizabeth G. Henderson wearing dark double breasted coat, standing in front of Triangle Camera store window with sign advertising film projector for $39.50, November 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Elizabeth G. Henderson, state field representative of the Fair Employment Practices Commission, was part of the “Pittsburghers Speak Up” column published in the Pittsburgh Courier newspaper, November 28, 1959, pg. A1, with the question: “Do you think race relations are improved, are worse, or about the same today as compared to pre-World War II years?”

Her answer reads: “They are definitely improved, although there is much to be done.”

Portrait of Benjamin Lewis wearing cap and leather coat, standing in front of brick wall with stone railing, January 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Portrait of Benjamin Lewis wearing cap and leather coat, standing in front of brick wall with stone railing, January 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Benjamin Lewis, unemployed (Roberts Street), was part of the “Pittsburghers Speak Up” column published in the Pittsburgh Courier newspaper, January 31, 1959, pg. 32, with the question: “Do you believe in capital punishment? If so, do you think that it should be imposed on convicted defendants under the age of 21?”

His answer reads: “No. I do not believe in capital punishment. And the reason is my religion. I’m a member of the Church of God in Christ. I believe that a person should be tried and sentenced for brutal crimes, if convicted, but the death penalty should not be inflicted. In my opinion, it is all right for a person to be sentenced to life in prison. And, in that way he will pay many times for his crime.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Teenie Harris Photographs: Baseball in Pittsburgh


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North Side Elks Little League baseball team, front row from left: Sterling Smith, Ronnie Boyd, Emanuel Kelly, Harold Martin, Robert Hampton, Milton Swan; back row: Charles Haran, Jack Bishop, Noel Roach, William Long, Melvin Moore, Ronald Daniels, Wayman Johnson, Roger McCollum, Leonard Johnson, and managers Oliver Boyd and John McCollum, on Kennard Field with Terrace Village in background, May 1953, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

Batter up! With this familiar phrase, the Teenie Harris Archive of the Carnegie Museum of Art is proud to announce the opening of our new exhibition, Teenie Harris Photographs: Baseball in Pittsburgh, March 22–September 22, 2014. Those of us who’ve struggled through a tough winter are especially anxious to hear those words, because with baseball season starting on the same date, warm weather will not be far behind. Nor will terms such as “wild pitch,” “no-hitter,” and “squeeze play.”

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Group portrait of women’s St. Clair Village softball team with trophy, on playing field at night, c. 1950–1970, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

The Teenie Harris Archive includes approximately 667 baseball images. The new exhibition will feature 25 highlights from the archive, including images of the Negro League teams such as the Pittsburgh Crawfords and the Homestead Grays, and the show is guest curated by Sean Gibson, the great-grandson of Crawford and Grays player Josh Gibson. Also featured will be Major League Baseball greats Jackie Robinson, Willie Mays, Roberto Clemente, Willie Stargell, Donn Clendenon, Roy Campanella, Curt Roberts, Ted Williams, and Minnie Minoso, among many others. Teenie Harris himself was a co-founder and shortstop for the Crawfords when they were known as the Crawford Colored Giants. We also include photos of Little League teams, women’s teams, managers, umpires, and everyday folks attempting their own grand slams.

If you’re like me, you think of baseball season with delight. I often laugh to myself remembering George Carlin’s famous description of baseball as a happier sport than most others—the wearing of “caps” vs. helmets, that you’re always “up” at bat vs. asking “what down is it?”, that it has no time limit, and that baseball’s objective is to “go home” and “be safe”! As he describes a “kind of picnic feeling” you get while sitting in the stands, I’m reminded of my own sunny summer days spent at Forbes Field. My little legs would burn in the sun, but I didn’t mind a bit, because I had my bag of roasted peanuts and cold soda pop to enjoy the game. My Dad would cheer on his beloved Pirates, and we’d enjoy a day filled with him explaining base hits and double plays.

To whet your appetite for the kinds of images you’ll see at the exhibition, here are just a few of the many baseball-related photos Teenie took all over the Pittsburgh area.

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Portrait of Charles A. “Little Teenie” Harris wearing St. Louis Cardinals’ baseball uniform kneeling with bat, outside home at 7604 Mulford Street, Homewood, 1936, black and white: unknown safety film; Heinz Family Fund

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Bill Nunn Jr., Chicago Cubs baseball player Ernie Banks, Milwaukee Braves player Hank Aaron, and Mal Goode, examining baseball bat on Forbes Field for 1959 All Star game, July 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Baseball executive Branch Rickey Sr. speaking about equal housing rights, in Wesley Center AME Zion Church, with another man on right, May 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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New York Yankees baseball players Elston Howard and Yogi Berra in front of dugout, at opening game of 1960 World Series, Forbes Field, October 5, 1960, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Baseball player Jackie Robinson speaking at podium at NAACP fiftieth anniversary event, c. 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Pittsburgh Mayor David L. Lawrence swinging baseball bat in dirt lot with wood and screening batting cage, with man wearing suit acting as catcher, and children in background, c. 1946–1955, black and white: Ansco Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Woman wearing light colored dress pitching ball to elderly woman with bat, with another woman playing umpire, on baseball field, with elderly man and three other women seated on bench in background, another version, c. 1945–1955, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Washington Pennsylvania Pony League baseball players, from left, Harold “Pete” Vactor, Fred “Reggie” Bolden, and Don Ferrell, standing in yard on residential street, Washington, Pennsylvania, August – September 1955, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Portrait of boy wearing short sleeved shirt with jug and sun pattern, holding baseball bat and standing in front of tree in South Park for Pittsburgh Courier newsboys picnic, September 2, 1960, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Two boys and three girls, including one wearing plaid pants swinging baseball bat on fenced field with trees, June 1973, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Pittsburgh Pirates baseball player no. 39 Bob Veale, wearing eyeglasses and glove, posed throwing pitch on Forbes Field, August 11, 1964, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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San Francisco Giants baseball player Willie Mays and Pittsburgh Pirates Roberto Clemente, posed on Forbes Field for 1965 season opener, April 1965, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Pittsburgh Pirates baseball player Al McBean wearing fireman’s hat, and unknown fire fighter wearing dress uniform, standing on Forbes Field for 1965 season opener, April 1965, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

 

Teenie Harris: In the Aisles


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Selections from the Teenie Harris Archive are sometimes shared with the public in unexpected ways. This week we highlight the photos currently displayed in the recently opened SHOP ‘n SAVE market, in the heart of Pittsburgh’s Hill District. Seeing Teenie Harris images as you gather your groceries along the aisles of the new structure ties the past to the present in comfortable style. For those of us who grew up in the Hill District during Teenie’s prime, it was an all too common occurrence to bump into him taking photos on assignment for the Pittsburgh Courier, capturing newsworthy moments, entertainment, sports, social events, or personal portraits. And quite often, while you were shopping, as well.

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When I was a youngster in the early 1960s, milk was delivered daily to your doorstep by the milkman, dressed all in white clothing. In addition, your local huckster stopped by your block several times a week with fresh produce and meat. To my delight, while browsing through the Archive several years ago, I happened to find a photo Teenie captured of the huckster (Phil Argento) I anxiously waited for several times a week as a little girl. This curbside shopping was accompanied by the small grocery stores that occupied many street corners in the neighborhood. But we also would take a trip to the big grocery chain store, which was at that time considered a far drive—about a mile or so away. At the big market we could indulge in fancy cheeses, unique produce like pineapples flown in from Florida, or California oranges. And my personal favorite—red Faygo soda pop—it was my treat if I behaved properly while on the shopping excursion. In those days, you wore nice clothes and perhaps even white gloves, and gentlemen helped you push your cart out of the store, even placing the bags in your car.

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Times have obviously changed, and the Hill District, like all the other neighborhoods, lost their hucksters and milkmen long ago. But sadly even the large grocery chain lying within a close distance had disappeared for way too long. With the opening of the new SHOP ‘n SAVE, it offers easier access to the Hill residents, especially for those who must tote their packages on public transportation or pay for jitneys or other cab services. How appropriate that some of its native son’s photos are now hanging in this particular store. I think about how often Teenie was seen shooting photos in the very spot where the store sits today, and all along Centre Avenue where his studio once existed. And how awesome it is that his photos of a streetcar on Herron Avenue, jazz musicians, children crossing the street from school or eating a humble meal, and a former store of the 15219 area code were selected to tie two centuries together. Having known Teenie, I would venture to say he would be proud, not particularly because of how artistically (in fact) he captured such scenes, but more so that the Hill District now had a place to call its own, once again.

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Teenie Harris: Racial Progress


The results of the Civil Rights movement are ever evolving. It’s been a bumpy process—surges of progressive equality in one instance, met with setbacks such as assassinations, unfair imprisonment, and the silent segregation of “not separate but still not equal” pervading all areas of life. Even with a second-term African American president, our society is still working out the balance of human rights. However, much of the progress of racial harmony was evident in Teenie Harris’s lifetime, which he captured beautifully, sampled here in this week’s selections. They include positive images of racial inclusion, camaraderie, and mutual support in business alliances, entertainment, sports, pageants, organizations, and day-to-day friendships.

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Group portrait of basketball players wearing vertically striped socks cheering in locker room, c. 1930–1970, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait of six beauty pageant contestants in evening gowns with sashes, including “Miss Universe Contestant”, “Miss Universe [...]yles by [...]“, [...] Coastguard Aux. No. 32″, and Miss Pittsburgh seated in center, c. 1930–1970, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Two men, including Fred “Sir Frederick” Squires on right, standing behind group of four seated women styling hair, in interior with mermaids on wall, c. 1950–1970, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait of men and women, most wearing name tags, including woman kneeling in front row, in interior with squiggle patterned carpet, and sunburst clock on right wall, 1969, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait of seven men, including one on right wearing dark double breasted suit with middle button fastened, moustache, and eyeglasses, posed in front of Pittsburgh Courier Newspaper offices, c. 1947, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait of three women, including two wearing fur coats, and four men, including one wearing military uniform, with Walt Harper, third from right, posed in interior with light colored walls, c. 1951, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait, front row, from left: William McCarthy, Kenneth Ott, Ernest L. Taylor, guest of honor; Henry Henderson, and Ralph Gardner; back row: David Wilson, William Thomas, Clifford Thompson, Joseph Byrne, and Bert Thompson, posed in basement for birthday testimonial in home of Mr. and Mrs. Young, 306 Chalfont Street, March 1953, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Maida Springer Kemp standing and speaking behind head banquet table, with men seated from left: Rev. R. J. Coleman, Edward Shelton, Herbert Hill, Eric Springer, and Hugh Cleeland, at NAACP career conference, University of Pittsburgh Student Union, May 24, 1958, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait of five men, including Pittsburgh Mayor Thomas J. Gallagher, presenting framed letter to woman wearing paisley dress, in the Office of the Mayor at the City County Building, 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait of twelve men wearing bathing suits, including two on right demonstrating lifesaving maneuver, in indoor swimming pool, possibly at Centre Avenue YMCA, c. 1959, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait of Mike Biscegila, Judy Hopson, and Verner Russell, leaning over newspaper, in interior, May 1960, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Group portrait of man wearing African dress, and eight women, including one wearing ethnic style dress with vest, standing in center, posed in interior with patterned sofa and chair, c. 1960, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

 

Teenie Harris: Rallies & Protests


An integral part of the Civil Rights movement was the use of rallies and demonstrations. The sheer physical presence of allied individuals (both black and white) demanding the need for job opportunity, better housing, or customer fairness at department stores and restaurants was often the key turning point in achieving progress. A variety of groups ranging from the NAACP, Urban League, Black Construction Council, college students, and faith-based coalitions to the Black Berets and Black Panthers rallied in mostly peaceful and organized demonstrations, striving to have their voices heard. All endeavors were for a common cause—equality owed to people of color. Teenie Harris eloquently documented a variety of the marches in the Greater Pittsburgh area. Below are just some of the moments he captured on film.

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Protest march with women and men holding signs for equal rights, heading toward downtown Pittsburgh, with church in background, c. 1969, black and white: Kodak Safety; Heinz Family Fund

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Alberta Jordan Reaves and Willa Mae James protesting in front of Isaly’s, with Joel Wanzer in background, Homewood, August 1953, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Men from Local Union 178 protesting labor policy outside United Steelworkers headquarters, Commonwealth Building, Downtown, September 1963, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Men with protest signs reading “City Unfair to Employees” picketing on Grant Street in downtown Pittsburgh, c. 1950–1970, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Protest against slum housing outside Commonwealth Savings and Loan Association, with sign reading “We’re in this fight together: NAACP, Urban League, CASH…,” c. 1950–1970, black and white: Kodak Safety; Heinz Family Fund

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Broadside for Black Panther Manifesto on trial of Bobby Seale, pasted on window in Homewood, April 1970, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Protesters, possibly including Nate Smith on megaphone in front of others, including James McCoy, Matthew Moore Sr., Vince Matthews, Herbert Bean, Dr. Charles Greenlee, Rev. Donald McIlvane, Charles Kendall, Charles Michaels, Mike Desmond, Byrd Brown, Gabby Russell, and Pauline Hall demonstrating against discrimination at US Steel in front of Union Trust Building, Downtown, June 1966, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Members of Black Berets of Homewood leading protest march against discrimination in construction jobs, Fifth Avenue, Oakland, August 1969, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Protesters, including Rev. Bill Powell, James McCoy, Mal Goode, Byrd Brown, possibly Jim Scott, and Rev. LeRoy Patrick, with signs reading: “Job opportunities for us too,” “We just want our God-given rights,” and “The soundness of our cause should prick your conscience,” outside Civic Arena, Lower Hill District, October 1961, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Jesse Jackson and group of civil rights advocates, including Bob Collins, George Simmons, Ewari [Ed] Ellis, Luther Sewell, and Clyde Jackson, preparing for press conference, March 1972, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Protesters outside of U. S. Steel building, including Byrd Brown with sign reading “NAACP PGH Branch,” and Judge Henry Smith with sign reading “US Steel still has segregated facilities in 1966,” Downtown, June 1966 black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Protesters including Baptist Temple Reverend J. A. Williams and woman with sandwich board reading “Protest – racial discrimination in employment breeds poverty, poverty breeds communism, this company has a discriminatory employment pattern, NAACP youth council,” c. 1963, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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NAACP protesters James “Jim” McCoy and Matthew Moore, in front of Beck Shoe Store with signs inscribed “Help Mr. K. in Washington, Hurt Mr. K in Moscow,” Fifth Avenue, Downtown, December 1961, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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K. Leroy Irvis and Pittsburgh Police Assistant Superintendent Lawrence J. Maloney at NAACP demonstration against employment policies, Downtown, c. 1963, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Black Monday Demonstration on behalf of Black Construction Council, Rev. Jimmy Joe Robinson preparing to lead protest march, with Ron Davenport, Norman Johnson, Rev. Bill Powell, Bill Banks, Lloyd Bell, Mike Desmond, men in hard hats, and others carrying flags with wreath wrapped around fist motif, at Freedom Corner with St. Benedict the Moor church in background, September 1969, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Crowd, including nuns and clergy, in Point State Park with stairs in background, possibly during Black Construction Coalition protest, c. 1965–1975, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Men from McKees Rocks throwing mock casket with signs reading “For Immediate Action Keep Your Local Community Program Alive,” into river for protest against cutbacks of poverty program, the Point, Downtown, January 1967, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Men protesting, including Henry Smith, Mal Goode, Byrd Brown, and Boyd L. Wilson, outside of Woolworth’s, carrying sign reading “The Battle for Civil Rights is not only a Negro Problem, but the Concern of all Good Americans,” Smithfield Street and Sixth Avenue, Downtown, 1960, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Women, including Marva Jo Hord (Harris), protesting outside of Woolworth’s carrying signs reading “A protest against this co. policy in the south,” “Chatham students protest civil rights violation,” and “Chatham students protest Woolworth lunch counter segregation,” Smithfield Street and Sixth Avenue, Downtown, 1960, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Dr. T.R.M. Howard standing behind podium on stage at Soldier’s and Sailor’s Memorial Hall, with full audience, seen from above, for NAACP protest rally, October 1955, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund

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Large group of men and women standing on sidewalks in front of United States Post Office building, some carrying signs inscribed “ADA says now” and “Western Pennsylvania Marches for Jobs and Freedom”, men wearing dark military uniforms on sidewalk on right, buildings in background, c. 1960, black and white: Kodak Safety Film; Heinz Family Fund